It has come to CPO's attention that elements within the archaeological lobby are still claiming that ISIS has made "$100s of millions" or "tens of millions" from looting. However, the former number traces back to Iraq's UN Ambassador. It is unclear what, if any basis, he had for the number. And the "tens of millions" claim is yet another version of discredited tale that ISIS has stolen $36 million from one area within Syria alone.
At this late date, it can only be stated with some degree of certainty that ISIS has made at most "several million dollars" from antiquities sales. Given ISIS' take of approximately $1 billion dollars, antiquities must be just one of many minor ISIS funding sources.
Monday, November 30, 2015
Wednesday, November 18, 2015
France has proposed an aggressive program to gather up Syrian antiquities and offer them "safe harbor" in France. The AAMD previously offered a far more modest "safe harbor" proposal that elicited opposition in the archaeological lobby. Hopefully, these ideological objections to "safe harbor" will be dropped and these groups will put protecting Syrian archaeological objects from destruction at the hands of fanatics first.
Tuesday, November 17, 2015
A House Foreign Relations subcommittee held a hearing on terrorist financing. ISIS gets most of its $1 bn from confiscations, taxes and "hot oil," but the terror group also gains funding from ransoms, donations and sales of looted antiquities. ASOR/State Department Point Man Michael Danti rightly declined to to put a number on the value of these looted antiquities, and noted that far more needs to be done by Lebanon, Turkey, Greece, Cyprus and Bulgaria, which are the main transit points to the EU. Frankly, the last four have a special obligation to act given their own self-righteous stance when it comes to their own cultural patrimony. But will the archaeological lobby hold their feet to the fire?
Monday, November 9, 2015
Ten tons or some 2 million "cash coins" were recently excavated in China. For import restrictions under the Convention on Cultural Property Implementation Act to apply, the item of "archaeological interest" must also be of "cultural significance." With numbers like that, one wonders why there are any import restrictions on Chinese cash coins at all. China allows its own citizens to collect such cash coins freely. So why can't Americans freely import them from abroad as well?
Thursday, November 5, 2015
While Egyptian officials blame locals for the abysmal state of important archaeological sites in the country, cultural heritage lobbyists with ties to the Egyptian government are once again scapegoating collectors for the rise of ISIS. Perhaps the real problem, however, is that Arab dictators have appropriated early civilizations for their own nationalistic purposes, making antiquities a target for disaffected individuals and groups.
Wednesday, November 4, 2015
The archaeological blogosphere has had a muted response to a Russian attack on ISIS positions near the ancient citadel of Palmyra. Last month, Assad's director of antiquities reacted favorably to other such reports. CPO wonders if the response would be as muted if US warplanes conducted similar attacks on archaeologically significant areas.
Monday, November 2, 2015
Much has been made regarding alleged misrepresentations in import documentation for cuneiform tablets meant for a new Bible Museum in Washington, DC. Yet, at least some of those feasting on the story may want to consider the biblical injunction against casting stones in light of some of the whoppers that have been promoted to the media, including ISIS is making $100's of millions from looted antiquities with $36 million taken from one area in Syria alone; ISIS has looted Apamea; the Green's purchase in 2011 in Israel supported an Iraqi-Syrian terror group that only became known years later, etc. Yes, let him who is without sin cast the first stone.